In Christianity, a revival is an increased amount of interest in spiritual matters, over a specific time frame. A revival is generally characterized by a greater closeness to God in the church, and may be accompanied by mass conversions and an atmosphere of cultural morality. The most famous revivals are the three Great Awakenings in America, through there have been others, as well.
The First Awakening in America was a period of increased evangelicalism, and a shift from intellectual and deeply theological sermons to a more emotional style. The Awakening was ecumenical, spreading among Anglicans, Presbyterians, Baptists and Methodists.
The movement known as Le Re`veil began in Geneva, Switzerland, and Montauban, France in the first half of the 19th century. It expanded through Germany and the Netherlands, and had a considerable political influence.
Toward the middle of the 19th century the Second great Awakening spread throughout New England and the Appalachian regions.
The Third Great Awakening took place toward the latter part of the 1800’s led in part by Dwight D. Moody. It was characterized by Social Gospel which included efforts to prohibit the consumption of alcohol as well as emphasis on Christ’s return.
This revival in Wales, between 1904 and 1905, though short lived produced over 100,000 converts. Though past revivals largely were spread by preaching, this was characterized by music and spiritual experience.